The United Arab Emirates The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a federation and sovereign state that was founded on 2 December 1971. The country is made up of seven emirates, namely Abu Dhabi (the capital), Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm al-Qaiwain, Ras al-Khaimah and Fujairah. The head of state of the UAE is President His Highness Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan. He was elected on 3 November, 2004 as the second president of the UAE, following the demise of His Highness Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, the first President of the UAE, on 2 November, 2004. For more details, please visit: The federal system of government includes: The Supreme Council The Cabinet Federal National Council Federal Judicial Authority The Supreme Council The Federal Supreme Council is the highest constitutional authority in the UAE. It consists of the rulers of the seven emirates. The Supreme Council elects a president to serve for a renewable five-year term in office. The Supreme Council re-elected President His Highness Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan for a second five-year term in November 2009. The term of elected office for the Vice-President is also five years, and the post is presently held by Vice President and Prime Minister of the UAE and Ruler of Dubai His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, who was elected following the death of his brother, His Highness Sheikh Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum, in early 2006. Supreme Council Members President His Highness Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Ruler of Abu Dhabi Vice President and Prime Minister of UAE and Ruler of Dubai His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Ruler of Sharjah His Highness Dr Sheikh Sultan bin Mohammed Al Qasimi, Ruler of Ra’s al-Khaimah His Highness Sheikh Saud bin Saqr Al Qasimi Ruler of Fujairah His Highness Sheikh Hamad bin Mohammed Al Sharqi Ruler of Umm al-Qaiwain His Highness Sheikh Saud bin Rashid Al Mu’alla Ruler of Ajman His Highness Sheikh Humaid bin Rashid Al Nuaimi Crown Princes Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi and Deputy Supreme Commander of the UAE Armed Forces His Highness General Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan Crown Prince of Dubai His Highness Sheikh Hamdan bin Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Crown Prince and Deputy Ruler of Sharjah His Highness Sheikh Sultan bin Mohammed Al Qasimi Crown Prince of Ra’s al Khaimah His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Saud bin Saqr Al Qasimi Crown Prince of Fujairah His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Hamad Al Sharqi Crown Prince of Umm al-Qaiwain His Highness Sheikh Rashid bin Saud bin Rashid Al Mu’alla Crown Prince of Ajman His Highness Sheikh Ammar bin Humaid Al Nuaimi Deputy Rulers Deputy Ruler of Dubai and Minister of Finance and Industry His Highness Sheikh Hamdan bin Rashid Al Maktoum Deputy Ruler of Dubai His Highness Sheikh Maktoum bin Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Deputy Ruler of Sharjah His Highness Sheikh Ahmed bin Sultan Al Qasimi Deputy Ruler of Sharjah His Highness Sheikh Abdulla bin Salem bin Sultan Al Qasimi Deputy Ruler of Fujairah His Highness Sheikh Hamad bin Saif Al Sharqi Deputy Ruler of Umm al-Qaiwain His Highness Sheikh Abdullah bin Rashid Al Mu'alla Deputy Ruler of Ajman His Highness Sheikh Nasser bin Rashid Al Nuaimi The Cabinet The Federal Cabinet is the executive authority that manages all internal and foreign affairs of the federation under its constitution and federal laws. The Cabinet is tasked with proposing draft federal laws and forwarding them to the Federal National Council before they are submitted to the President of the Federation to lay before the Supreme Council for ratification as well as preparing the Federation’s draft general annual budget, final accounts, draft decrees and decisions. Members of the Cabinet His Highness Sheikh Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum,Prime Minister and Minister of Defence Lieutenant General His Highness Sheikh Saif bin Zayed Al Nahyan,Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Interior His Highness Sheikh Mansour bin Zayed Al Nahyan,Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Presidential Affairs His Highness Sheikh Hamdan bin Rashid Al Maktoum,Minister of Finance His Highness Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed Al Nahyan,Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation His Excellency Sheikh Nahyan bin Mubarak Al Nahyan,Minister of Culture and Knowledge Development Her Excellency Sheikha Lubna bint Khalid Al Qasimi,Minister of State for Tolerance His Excellency Mohammad bin Abdullah Al Gergawi,Minister of Cabinet Affairs and The Future His Excellency Sultan bin Saeed Al Mansouri,Minister of Economy His Excellency AbdulRahman Bin Mohamed Al Owais,Minister of Health and Prevention His Excellency Saqr bin Ghubash Saeed Ghubash,Minister of Human Resources and Emiratisation His Excellency Suhail bin Mohammed Faraj Al Mazrouei,Minister of Energy His Excellency Dr. Abdullah bin Mohammed Belhaif Al Nuaimi,Minister of Infrastructure Development His Excellency Sultan bin Saeed Al Badi,Minister of Justice His Excellency Hussain bin Ibrahim Al Hammadi,Minister of Education Her Excellency Najla bint Mohammad Al Awar.Minister of Community Development His Excellency Dr. Thani bin Ahmed Al-Zeyoudi.Minister of Climate Change and Environment His Excellency Dr. Anwar bin Mohammed Gargash.Minister of State for Foreign Affairs His Excellency Obaid bin Humaid Al Tayer.Minister of State for Financial Affairs Her Excellency Reem bint Ebrahim Al Hashimy,Minister of State for International Cooperation His Excellency Sultan bin Ahmad Al Jaber,Minister of State His Excellency Mohammed bin Ahmad Al Bawardi,Minister of State for Defence Affairs Her Excellency Jameela bint Salem Al Muhairi,Minister of State for Public Education His Excellency Dr. Ahmad bin Abdullah Humaid Belhoul Al Falasi,Minister of State for Higher Education Her Excellency Noura bint Mohammed Al Kaabi,Minister of Federal National Council Affairs His Excellency Dr. Rashid bin Ahmed bin Fahad,Minister of State Her Excellency Dr. Maitha bint Salem Al Shamsi,Minister of State Her Excellency Ohoud bint Khalfan Al Roumi,Minister of State for Happiness Her Excellency Shamma bint Suhail Faris Al Mazrui,Minister of State for Youth H.E. Abdulla Mohammed Al Basti,Secretary General of the UAE Cabinet For further details: http://uaecabinet.ae/en/Pages/default.aspx#.VZDt_xpz_80 Federal National Council (FNC) The Federal National Council is the fourth federal authority in terms of order in the hierarchy of the five federal authorities prescribed in the constitution, namely: the Supreme Council of the Federation, Federation President and Vice President, Federation Cabinet, the Federal National Council and the Federal Judiciary Constitution. The Federal National Council’s first session was opened on 2 December 1972. The FNC contributes to sustainable development and builds relations among federal authorities through its participation in discussing and adopting legislation as well as enhancing the effectiveness of various executive institutions and expanding political participation. The FNC comprises of 40 members elected from the member emirates: eight from Abu Dhabi and eight from Dubai; six from Sharjah and six from Ra's al-Khaimah and four from Ajman, four from Umm al-Qaiwain and four from Fujairah. Members are elected to serve four-year terms. For further details: http://uaecabinet.ae/en/Pages/default.aspx#.VZDt_xpz_80 Foreign Policy The UAE adopts a balanced and moderated foreign policy that is strongly based on a commitment to the UN Charter and a respect for international conventions and laws that regard regional peace, stability and security with all countries of the world. Moreover, through its foreign policy, the UAE is committed to establishing strong relations with all countries of the world on the basis of mutual respect and non-interference in the internal affairs of others. It also seeks to resolve international disputes through dialogue and peaceful means based on the principles of fairness and justice with an objective to promote stability and international peace. For further details: https://www.mofa.gov.ae/EN/Pages/default.aspx Local Governments Each emirate has its own local government consisting of departments and local institutions. The UAE’s Constitution defines the relationship between federal and local governments and allows some flexibility in the distribution of authority between them in line with the vision of the country's leadership. The Cabinet (http://uaecabinet.ae/en/uaegovernment/pages/supremecouncil.aspx#.VYqqqBpz_80 ( Federal National Council (http://bit.ly/1ACzvWU) Ministry of Interior (https://www.moi.gov.ae/en/eservices/default.aspx) Judicial Department (http://www.adjd.gov.ae/portal/site/adjd/Certificate.of.Celibacy/?language=en) Ministry of Health (http://www.moh.gov.ae/en/Services/Pages/ServiceDescription.aspx?PID=18&sw=1) General Authority of Islamic Affairs and Endowment (http://www.awqaf.gov.ae/Articles/Article.aspx?SectionID=19&RefID=908&lang=EN).